Post-operative rehabilitation is a progressive process and may take too long, ranging from months up to a year. The recovery period is different for different types of surgeries. Usually, the rehabilitation takes time for shoulder surgery, knee surgery, etc.
The most important element of post-surgical rehabilitation is doing the right exercises the right way.
Physical Therapy after surgery comes with several benefits, such as -
- Promotion of Healing
- Faster Recovery
- Regain Mobility
- Address Postoperative Pain
- Involvement in Rehabilitation
- Reduce Scar Tissue Formation
For a faster recovery after an operation and to heal the body completely, physical therapists create treatment plans as per the type of surgery the patient underwent. While surgeons do diagnosis and fix the injuries, physical therapists work towards the improvement of functions after surgery.
Post-operative physical therapy comprises of separate stages. The first stage is implemented immediately after surgery when the limb is immobilized and the pain and swelling begin reducing. Then a sequence of progressive exercises is started for improving motion, function and stability. The main objective of physical therapy in post-operative care is helping the patient return to pre-injury activity level.
For effective treatment, a physical therapist always considers pre-op fitness condition and post-op goals. Physical therapy is a collaborative technique where patients are actively engaged in recovery. In some cases, patients learn the exercises and do them on their own, while some require one on one hands-on therapy while others may require passive treatments including ultrasound, laser, electrical stimulation and cold & hot therapy.